Within three weeks, Rosneft signed a cooperation agreement on the shelf with three foreign companies: American ExxonMobil, Eni of Italy and now – with Norwegian Statoil.
They will participate in the development of the shelf under the same conditions, receiving a third of the projects. A cambio, the Russian company has an opportunity to participate in projects of their companies abroad.
«Rosneft diversified base of partners to develop the shelf, trying to work in different regions to attract a single participant. Así, it shares the risks of new projects with partners.
Besides Eni, only one or Exxon would not be enough funds to develop such large-scale projects “, – said the newspaper VIEW senior analyst for the Oil and Gas IFC” Metropol “Sergei Vakhromeev. This suggests that the implementation of projects on the shelf is likely to accelerate, dijo.
What were the Norwegians
signed on Saturday an agreement with Statoil Rosneft envisages joint development of four sites on the Russian shelf, probable reserves which amount to about 2 millones de toneladas de petróleo y 1.8 billones de metros cúbicos de gas. This Perseevsky site in the Barents Sea and three regions in the Sea of Okhotsk, Magadan-1, and Lisyanskii Kashevarovsky, “Interfax”. The share of Statoil in these projects will be 33.3%. The Norwegian company will fully fund exploration work on these sites.
first exploration well to appear on the site of Magadan-1 – en 2016, el año que viene – on Lisyansky area by 2019 – on the site Kashevarovskom, 2020 – by Perseevskom site, said the Norwegian company. Prior to that Statoil will work to cover areas of seismic 2D and 3D – en 2014.
parties also will be engaged with research to find effective approaches to the development of oil and gas reserves with hard deposits of shale oil Khadum Formation in the Stavropol region and the rim podgazovoy oil of high viscosity of the North-Komsomolsk field in the Yamal. The reserves of the Yamal region in the order of 200 millones de toneladas, said the head of Rosneft, Eduard Khudainatov. In the case of commercial stocks of the parties plan to jointly develop the appropriate deposit.
Under the agreement Statoil
Rosneft will reimburse historical costs and 33.3% of the cost of the Russian company to pay for licenses for offshore areas. The agreement also provides for the possibility of Rosneft by Statoil receive a one-time bonus for each commercial discovery of oil and gas reserves.
Rosneft also have the opportunity to buy a stake in the projects and assets of Statoil’s exploration and production in the North Sea, así como partes del Barents Mar de Noruega. Además, the agreement also provides for the marketing of petroleum and petroleum products in the Nordic countries.
Rosneft and Statoil have agreed to jointly participate in tenders for areas intended for exploration on the Norwegian shelf. “En Noruega, are expected in this and subsequent years of licensing rounds plots for exploration on the shelf. Rosneft in cooperation with Statoil will participate in these projects. What are these sites will be determined during the tender, “- said Khudainatov.
He said the signing of an agreement with Statoil will give new impetus to increase the capitalization of both companies. Sin embargo, it is hoped to Khudainatov at the signing of each agreement. Hace un año, después de firmar un acuerdo estratégico con BP, que fue cancelada más tarde, La capitalización de Rosneft era 81.6 millones de dólares. A mediados de abril de este año en la víspera de la firma de nuevos acuerdos con Exxon como parte de una alianza estratégica fue la capitalización de Rosneft es 74 millones de dólares. La firma de un acuerdo con Eni a finales de abril, no tuvo ningún efecto sobre este indicador. Al final de la negociación en mayo 5, cuando se firmó el acuerdo con los noruegos, La capitalización de Rosneft se estimó en 69.4 millones de dólares.
Las empresas rusas no tienen prisa
Rosneft no ha firmado ningún acuerdo con las compañías rusas a participar en la labor de la plataforma. Sin embargo, Lukoil y TNK-BP, la empresa aceptó la oferta para participar en estos proyectos.
Rosneft envió cartas de invitación a todos los actores privados de la industria petrolera rusa, including Surgutneftegas and Bashneft to participate in the development of 12 sections of the shelf of the Russian Federation. But while others have expressed interest in two companies. Mientras tanto, Rosneft has already left a total of five sites on the shelf, which has not yet signed agreements with partners. This Magadan-2, 3, South Black Sea area, the South Russian area and Medinskaya Varandeyskoye-Sea.
Hudaynatova, Rosneft expects stiff competition among oil companies to work with her on the shelf. He said that companies need to answer in detail all the points of the letter and the “hurry up to catch” to conclude an agreement with Rosneft.
Previamente, private Russian companies refused to participate in the work on the shelf of the Russian Federation, together with Rosneft, because they were not given control of the project and it was necessary to offset the capital costs for mining, reminds Vakhromeev. Now the conditions for them have not changed: Rosneft is ready to give only a third of the projects, as well as foreign companies.
is possible that the company is now more interested in the development of Arctic fields because of tax holidays for projects undertaken on the shelf, as well as high oil prices. Al final, sin embargo, Russian companies can give back, does not exclude the expert.
«The Western oil companies are limited to 6-15 years for these critical periods of development of the Arctic shelf. For Russian companies, this is not so critical, because the supply of oil reserves at an average of 22-23 años. They have time to think, in contrast to Western companies. Perhaps they are waiting for more favorable conditions are listed. And as far as infrastructure development and exploration on the continental shelf will be seen what the most promising field, after all there must also understand how much inventory will be contested, “- says Vakhromeev.
por Thómas Tan